How to choose and install your security camera (CCTV) system

It is very important to research the various types of security camera systems (CCTV) that will suit your needs. There are basically 3 types of CCTV systems that are popularly been used to monitor homes, offices and other properties in both commercial and residential. They are as follows:

1. DVR- Digital video recorder

These are analog cameras that use coaxial cables which connect directly to the central recorder and an additional power cable (Siamese) to power each camera.

2. NVR- Network video recorder

These are IP cameras and are more popular with more advanced features using the latest technology. They use a single cable (Cat 5 or Cat 6) to power and record videos.

3. Wireless camera

These are also IP cameras that use a power cable and also have advanced features and are easy to install.

*An IP camera or an Internet Protocol camera is a type of digital video camera that is commonly used for surveillance but unlike analogue closed-circuit television cameras, they require no local recording device, only a local area network.

Let’s look at the Pros and Cons of each CCTV type

Of course, with every type of product, you will find both pros and cons you can now be able to assess which type would be best for you. Below will give an insight into the pros and cons of each security camera (CCTV) type.

DVR- Digital Video Recorder

Affordable cost compared to IP cameras.Running cables may be a bit more challenging since you have to run sets (Coaxial and Siamese)
Compatibility- Different brands of analog cameras can connect to the DVR.Only some brands allow remote access.
 Video Quality- The quality of most DVRs allows 704 *480 resolutions which is way less compared to that of the NVR.
 Availability- Since most companies stop manufacturing these cameras, it is costly to maintain and source replacements.
 Limited coverage areas (300ft Maximum)

NVR- Network Video Recorder

Easy installation process that uses a single cable that allows both power and video to transmit.Ethernet Cable (Cat5 or Cat6) may be a bit more expensive.
Allows remote access since it can connect to a network.Not all brands of IP cameras is compatible with the NVR.
Easy to configure.These are a bit more expensive than that of DVR because of all the advanced features.
Offers high-resolution videos (Up to 4k) 
Offers wider coverage areas exceeding 300ft with the use of a PoE switch. 
Easier to maintain since cameras and other equipment can be easily sourced. 

Wireless Cameras

Can record video without the use of a recorder since it has its own storage (SD card).The SD card can be easily removed or tampered with by anyone since it is placed on the camera itself.
Allows remote access.Can suffer signal lost when Wi-fi is overloaded or if Wi-fi signal is weak.
Very easy to set up. Just a single power cable is required to install.Each camera needs to be connected to a power outlet.
Offers real-time monitoring and has features such as a motion sensor which alerts users instantly.They are a bit costly over the other CCTV types.
Offers high-resolution videos (Up to 4k) 

Materials and devices needed to set up your CCTV

When setting up your CCTV system, apart from the basic camera components (Cameras, NVR/DVR, Hard Drive, TV etc.) there are a few optional materials that you may need to consider because of the benefits it may offer.

  • Backup USP– This is an important piece of equipment that is highly recommended since it decreases your security risks in case of a power outage. Once the power goes off, your camera along with the NVR/ DVR will still keep recording.
  • Router– It is important to install a router to your CCTV system since this will allow online remote access. It also helps to assign IP addresses to cameras that are connected to your DVR and reduce the risks of IP conflicts and jamming.
  • Security closet for NVR/DVR– Securing your storage devices (DVR/NVR) should also be a priority considering the fact that in the case of a burglar attempt, they would want to destroy evidence. So you need to ensure that this device is installed within a network cabinet and placed in a safe and secure area that is not easily accessed by others.
  • Cloud storage– Your recorder has a limited storage limit while cloud storage offers way more storage based on your preference. In the case of fire or theft and your recorder is lost or damaged, you can still access your videos online. You can also access your video online anytime, anywhere rather than at the physical location of the recorder.
  • Surge protector– Due to unstable power, many devices and equipment are damaged causing massive loss of data etc. It is advised to have your devices connected to a surge protector and reducing the risk of damage.

Where to purchase your CCTV System?

You can purchase all cameras, materials along with other accessories at one location. Riaz Computer Center- Located at 189 Church Street, South Cummingsburg, Georgetown.

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